This is the first stars and stripes carried by any land force in battle (Battle of Bennington, Vermont, August 16, 1777) and the first flag to be “raised in victory”. It demonstrates how little concern there was in the first decades of the United States for standardized flag patterns. Presented by Barbour N. and Jane Douthat Thornton, in memory of General Stephen Moylan and Colonel Thomas Barbour, officers of the Revolution.
The Flag of the Continental Navy
The First Continental flag, this colour was used on some of the thirteen ships provided by Congress in 1775. It bore the famous rattlesnake symbol, already seen on the Culpeper Minutemen Flag and the motto “Don’t tread on me”. Presented in memory of Archie P. Cone, by a group of his friends.
The first flag with red, white and blue stripes. Believed by some to have been designed by Benjamin Franklin and flown by John Paul Jones in his engagement with the Serapis in 1779. Presented by the Virginia Society.
The Flag of the 11th Virginia Regiment
This regiment was organized from riflemen that marched to Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1775, under Daniel Morgan. Two years later, it was reorganized as a corps of rangers. When the number of Virginia regiments was reduced to 11 from 15, the 11th Virginia became the 7th Virginia. Presented in memory of John Shiflett, soldier of the Revolution, by Ronald Cocke and Walter C. Shiflett.
Virginia Committee of Safety Flag
Authorized by the Virginia Committee of Safety in session at Hanovertown, Virginia, September 18, 1775. This was the first official flag of the Virginia troops. “Constitutional Liberty” was the theme of the Virginia leaders of the Revolution. Presented in memory of certain officers and men from Chesterfield County and Richard Bland, by General Edwin Cox, a former president.
Flag of the 2nd South Carolina Regiment, Continental Line
Companion of flags which commemorated the defense of Ft. Moultrie in 1776, and which were then carried on to even greater bravery and tragedy in the assault on the British Spring Hill redoubt at Savannah, Georgia, in 1776. Presented by Howze Haskell, in memory of his brother John Cheves Haskell. (Blue Flag)
Flag of the 2nd South Carolina Regiment, Continental Line (Red)
This flag is identical to Flag #19, except for its colouring. Presented by Victor C. Barringer, in memory of his son, Victor C. Barringer, Jr. (Red Flag)
Flag of the Green Mountain Boys
The Green Mountain Boys or Rangers, from the staunch hills of Vermont and New Hampshire, appeared as a group of volunteers under John Stark at Cambridge, Massachusetts, in June 1775, to fight desperately in the Battle of Bunker Hill. A month earlier, led by Ethan Allen and Seth Warner, they had taken Ticonderoga and Crown Point. After participating the ill-fated invasion of Canada, they returned, few in number, to be recruited again, still under one of their indomitable leaders, to rout the Hessians of Burgoyne at Bennington. Presented by McLain T. O’Ferrall, in memory of his grandfather Charles T. O’Ferrall, former governor of Virginia.
Flag of Floating Batteries
In September, 1775, two strong floating batteries were launched on the Charles River, Massachusetts, and in the following month opened fire on the British in Boston. The ensign used was a pine tree flag with the words “Appeal to Heaven”. Presented by Matilda H. Spessard and Rutherford H. Spessard, Jr. in memory of Rutherford Houston Spessard.
Flag of Webb’s Connecticut Regiment
(The Third) Is a replica of the original now mounted in Philadelphia. This may at one time been the flag of the 1st Connecticut whose colours were yellow. It bears the numeral 1. Colonel Webb served on General Washington’s staff. This flag, and those numbered through 28, were presented by John D. Rockefeller, Jr., an honorary member of the Virginia Society.